WASHINGTON (AP) – President Donald Trump has exaggerated the dangers at the border, canceled the number of food stamps and the duration of wars, and revealed partial truths about the price of drugs in his speech on the state of health. l & # 39; Union. Trump has also celebrated some measures relating to the workforce that have little to do with it and almost everything to do with a growing population. In her Democratic response to the speech, Stacey Abrams voiced a recent and misleading speech by her party when she criticized the Trump. the US administration for having chosen to "caged children" at the border, ignoring a practice also used by the Obama administration to detain migrant children in facilities equipped with wire fences.TRUMP: "All Americans can be proud of the fact that there are more women in the labor market "TRUMP:" More people are working now than ever in the history of our country. "One hundred and fifty-seven million people at work. "THE FACTS: Yes, but it's because the population has grown. It has more than doubled since 1950 and in recent months has increased from 150,000 to nearly 200,000 per month. Births are the main driver of population growth, with immigration also contributing. This should change in 2030, as immigration surpasses the natural increase due to the number of births exceeding the number of deaths. For women, the big question is whether a higher percentage of them are working or are looking for a job than ever before. And on this point, women have had better times. The participation rate of women in the labor force is currently 57.5%, according to the Department of Labor. The rate has increased recently, but it was higher in 2012 and peaked at about 60% in 2000. In total, 63.2% of Americans work or look for work. That's a few ticks more than at the inauguration of Trump, which was 62.9%, but well below the peak reached in 2000 (67.3%). The rate has decreased in part because of aging, while a wave of baby boomers is retiring, but even among younger workers it is lower than it was almost two years ago decades. TRUMP: "The border town of El Paso, Texas, had extremely high rates Among the most dangerous violent crimes in the country and considered one of the most dangerous cities in our country, El Paso as of its construction, endowed with a powerful barrier, is one of the safest cities of the country., the walls work and the walls save lives. "THE FACTS: It is a distorted image of El Paso, where Trump will present his project to build a border wall. El Paso has never been considered one of the most dangerous cities in the country. In fact, her murder rate was less than half of the national average in 2005, the year before the start of her border fence. The city has had its ups and downs in violent crime, but it largely reflects national trends and has been below national averages for decades.TRUMP: "Illegal state of our southern border threatens security, safety and the financial well-being of all America. "FACTS: The fact that the border is secure enough or not is at the heart of a heated national debate, but it is far from being illegal. The number of people arrested for illegal crossing has declined over the last decade and is nearing its lowest level since the mid-1990s, illustrating a clear downward trend in the number of migrants attempting to sneak. Border Patrol Personnel, Detection Technology and Physical Barriers "These officers (from the border) will tell you where the walls are rising, where illegal crossings intersect, way coming down, purpose after day" San Diego had it. habit of having the most illegal border crossings in our country. In response, a solid security wall has been put in place. This powerful barrier has almost completely ended illegal crossings … Simply, walls and walls work, walls save lives. "FACT: It's a lot more complicated than that Yes, the arrests of the Border Patrol in San Diego the sector fell by 96%, from nearly 630,000 in 1986 to just 26,000 in 2017, a period of In the course of which walls were built, but the crackdown pushed illegal crossings into less guarded deserts and farther from Arizona, where thousands of people died in the heat.The arrests in Tucson in 2000 have almost matched the summit of San Diego.
Critics say that "water balloon effect" (building a wall in one place and allowing migrants to find an opening elsewhere) undermines Trump's argument, although defenders say that It only shows that the walls should be extended. The Government Accountability Office reported in 2017 that the United States has not developed any measures demonstrating that barriers have contributed to border security.BULLE OF LEGAL IMMIGRATION: "I want people come to our country in great numbers, but they must enter legally. " FACTS: His policy recommendations to date are not reflecting this wish. The plan he proposed upon taking office would have severely limited the ability of citizens and permanent residents to bring in family, which he mockingly termed "chain migration". The Cato Institute, which advocates more open immigration policies, has estimated that its plan would reduce the number of legal immigrants up to 44%, the largest reduction in the number of immigrants. legal immigration since the 1920s.According to the Department of Homeland Security data, about 750,000 more than 1.1 million people who got green cards in 2017 – two-thirds – have done so through family relationships. Trump's plan included limiting family green cards to spouses and minor children of US citizens and green card holders, a dramatic reduction. It has also reduced the number of refugees the United States will accept for two consecutive years and wants to eliminate diversity visas. He talked about moving to a merit-based rather than family-based immigration, and sometimes stated that he wanted to make things easier. so that temporary workers can work and graduates of the best universities stay in the country. Researchers have however indicated that its proposals would have the net effect of reducing the number of legal immigrants.WSTRUM: "Our brave soldiers have been fighting in the Middle East for nearly 19 years." IN FACT: Trump exaggerated the duration of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. The war in Afghanistan began in October 2001, following the attacks of 11 September. The invasion of Iraq took place in March 2003. The United States has been at war for just over 17 years. He also talks about fighting in the Middle East. Iraq is in the Middle East, but Afghanistan is in Central Asia. VIEW OF GOODS outlining the progress made over the past two years: "Nearly 5 million Americans have been released from food stamps." THE FACTS: The number of people receiving food stamps has The government data show that 44.2 million people participated in the nutrition and supplementary assistance program in 2016, before Trump took office . In 2018, 40.3 million people participated in the SNAP. That's down $ 3.9 million, not the $ 5 million that Trump was talking about. The number of people participating in the SNAP program peaked in 2013 and has since declined. The latest budget proposed by Trump proposes to reduce the SNAP by $ 213 billion over 10 years. The administration also insisted on giving states more flexibility in implementing the program, including tightening the working conditions of beneficiaries.ABRAMS-ECONOMYABRAMS: "The Republican Tax Bill has set the system against workers Instead of bringing back jobs, factories are closing THE FACTS: The economy is doing better after the introduction of the Trump administration tax cuts than Abrams is suggesting. of people seeking unemployment benefits, substitute for layoffs, has briefly declined The average hourly wage is ahead of inflation.TARIFFSTRUMP: "We recently imposed tariffs on 250 billion dollars of Chinese goods – and our treasury now receives billions of dollars. "Yes, the money from customs duties goes to the federal treasury, but it comes largely from business and consumer goods It is not foreign countries that pay these import taxes by cutting a check to the government. His reference to the money entering "now" in the treasure conceals the fact that the customs duties go back to the founding of the country. These revenues have not started with the increase of tariffs on certain products from China. Tariffs generated $ 41.3 billion in tax revenue in the last fiscal year, according to the Treasury Department. However, it is only a small fraction of a federal budget exceeding $ 4.1 billion. Fees paid by US companies also tend to raise prices for consumers, as was the case for washing machines after the Trump administration imposed import taxes. TRADE-NAFTATRUMP : "Our new US-Mexico-Canada agreement – or the USMCA – will replace NAFTA and bring benefits to US workers: bringing back our jobs in the manufacturing sector, developing American agriculture, protect the intellectual property and make more cars proudly carry the four beautiful words: MADE IN THE UNITED STATES. "THE FACTS: It is unlikely that all this will be done, because the new agreement largely preserves the structure and the content of NAFTA. Moreover, the agreement has not been ratified and its chances in Congress are uncertain.According to a novelty, the agreement requires that 40% of the content of cars is finally manufactured in countries that pay at least $ 16 of the automotive industry to auto workers – that is, to the United States or Canada, but not to Mexico. It also calls on Mexico to revise its labor legislation to encourage independent unions to negotiate higher wages and better working conditions for Mexicans. Still, just before the signing of this agreement, General Motors announced the dismissal of 14,000 workers and the closure of five Philip Levy, senior researcher at the World Business Council in Chicago and head of trade at the White House of Republican President George W Bush said, "President Trump has seriously revised this agreement." "DROGING PRICINGTRUMP:" Thanks to the efforts of my administration, drug prices have already registered their largest decline in 46 years in 2018. "THE FACTS: Trump selectively quotes statistics to exaggerate what appears to be a slowdown in prices A more general review of the data shows that drug prices continue to rise, but more modestly.Some independent experts believe that the critics of Trump and congressional Democrats could lead pharmaceutical companies to restraint. Consumer price index for prescription drugs shows a 0.6% price reduction in December 2018 compared with December 2017, the largest decline of nearly 50% year.The government index following a set of drugs, including brand name drugs and generics.However, this same index showed a 1.6% increase over 12 full months of 2018 with all of the previous year. "The annualized number gives you a better picture," said economist Paul Hughes-Cromwick of Altarum, a non-profit research organization. "It may be that something extraordinary happened in December." In addition, an analysis of drug prices by the Associated Press shows that there were 2,712 price increases in the first half of January compared to 3,327 in the same period last year. the year before. This year's increases have not been as pronounced. This year and last year, the number of price declines was minimal. The data for the analysis was provided by the Elsevier.WAGESTRUMP health data company: "Wages are growing at the fastest pace in decades, and for blue-collar workers, for whom I was promised to fight, they are growing faster than anyone thought THE FACTS: This is an unsubstantiated assertion, because the data on hourly wages of private sector workers date back to 2006, not decades. on the wages of production workers date back to 1939 – and Trump's claim does not appear to be justified.According to the Labor Department, hourly earnings of production workers and unsupervised workers rose 3.4% over the same period. These salary gains had recently increased in early 2009. And they averaged about 4% before the start of the Great Recession at the end of 2007. There are other ways to he wage gains – and these do not play in favor of Trump either. After adjusting for inflation, median weekly earnings increased only 0.6% in 2018. Weekly earnings gains increased by 2.1% in 2015.ABRAMS-MIGRANT CHILDRENABRAMS in the Democratic response: "We know that bipartisanship could develop a 21st century immigration plan, but this administration chooses to put children in cages and separate families." FACTS: The cages mentioned by Abrams are in reality of the wire fences and the Obama administration has also used them. Children are held behind them, inside the premises of the Border Patrol, under the Trump administration. In addition, the Obama administration has arrested a large number of unaccompanied children inside chain gates in 2014. Images circulating online of children placed in cages at most The controversy surrounding Trump's family separation dates back to 2014, when President Barack Obama was in charge. These zones are classified by age and sex for security reasons and are kept up to 72 hours by the Border Patrol. The Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security visited five places of detention for unaccompanied children at the Texas-Mexico border at the end of June. the fury aroused by family separations and found that they seemed to respect detention norms. The government's monitoring body reported that cleanliness was inconsistent, but that children had access to toilets, food, drinks, clean bedding, and hygiene items. At the peak of family separations, approximately 2,400 children were separated. Since then, 118 children have been separated. Immigration officers are allowed to take a child to a parent in some cases – serious criminal proceedings against a parent, concerns for the health and well-being of a child or medical concerns.This policy is in place for a long time and is distinct from the law now suspended Trump administration zero tolerance policy that children were separated from their parents only because they had crossed illegally.Unemployment of minorities: "Unemployment African-Americans, Hispanics and Americans of Asian descent have reached their lowest level ever. " The black unemployment rate reached a record high of 5.9% in May, but reached 6.8% in January. Latino unemployment fell to 4.4%, its lowest level. Last October, the unemployment rate in Asia fell to 2.2% in May. But unemployment in Latin America and Asia has also risen, partly because of the closure of the government that pushed up unemployment last month. The African-American rate is still almost double the unemployment rate of whites, at 3.5%. The most dramatic drop in black unemployment under Obama, after peaking at 16.8% in March 2010, fell to 7.8% in January 2017. TRAFICKINGTRUMP: "Traffickers of human beings and sex traffickers exploit the vast open areas between our points of entry to smuggle thousands of girls to women in the United States and sell them for prostitution and modern slavery. " FACTS: His administration did not prove that "thousands" of women and girls smuggled for these purposes by "thousands" of people. What has been established is that nearly 80% of international victims of trafficking pass through legal entry points, a flow that would not be stopped by a border wall. Trafficking distorts the frequency with which trafficked persons arrive from the southern border, according to the Anti Trafficking Group, a global center for trafficking statistics with data provided by organizations around the world. The National Hotline against Trafficking in Human Beings, a federally funded company managed by the Polaris anti-trafficking group, began monitoring victims' files in 2015. From January 31, 2018, it followed 000 potential victims. Of these, there was an almost equal distribution between foreigners on the one hand, US citizens and legal permanent residents on the other. Most of the victims of trafficking were foreigners and most of the victims of sex trafficking were US citizens. ECONOMYTRUMP: "In just over two years after the elections, we have launched an unprecedented economic boom – a boom never seen before.There was nothing like this … An economic miracle is occurring in the United States. United States. "FACTS: The president is dramatically exaggerating what has been a slight improvement in growth and recruitment. The economy is healthy but not one of the best in US history. The economy grew 3.8% annually in the spring and summer, at a steady pace. But it was only the fastest of the last four years. By the end of the 1990s, growth had exceeded 4% for four consecutive years, a level it had not yet reached with Trump. And growth even reached 7.2% in 1984. Nearly all independent economists are expecting a slower growth this year while Trump administration tax cuts are going ahead. mitigate, that trade tensions and slowing global growth are holding back exports and that higher interest rates are making borrowing more expensive. ENERGYTRUMP: "We have unleashed a revolution in US energy: the United States is now the world's largest producer of oil and natural gas." IN FACT: Certainly, if "we" means Trump and his recent predecessors. This is not all to Trump's credit. The government claims that the United States became the world's largest natural gas producer in 2013 under the Obama administration. The United States is now leading the world in oil production, also under Trump. This is largely because of the boom in shale oil production, which also began under Obama. The Associated Press writers, Hope Yen, Josh Boak, Ricardo Alonso Zaldivar, Ellen Knickmeyer, Jill Colvin and Lolita C. Baldor in Washington and Elliot Spagat in San Diego contributed to this report. Find Findings of AP Facts on http://apne.ws/2kbx8bd Follow @ APFactCheck on Twitter: https://www.facebook.com/ /twitter.com/APFactCheckEDEDITOR'S NOTE _ A look at the veracity of statements by political figures